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Fraunhofer Gesellschaft

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Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, headquartered in Munich, is Europe’s largest application-oriented research organization. It is named after the Bavarian physicist and optician Joseph von Fraunhofer, who invented the spectroscope with which he discovered the dark absorption lines in the Sun's spectrum, also known as Fraunhofer lines.

The research efforts of the 80 labs dispatched throughout Germany are geared entirely to people’s future needs: health, security, communication, energy and the environment. As a result, the work undertaken by the researchers and developers has a significant impact on people’s lives.

Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, with fundings coming up to 70% from industry research contracts, was one of the developers of the MP3 compression algorithm and its normalization, and still owns an important part of its copyrights.

In Canada, the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology ICT is collaborating with The University of Western Ontario in London (Ontario) since 2011, in the joint "Fraunhofer Project Centre for Composites Research @ Western", carrying out research and development in the field of lightweight construction. In January 2013, the Fraunhofer Institute and the University of British Columbia's Clean Energy Research Center signed a research partnership focusing on renewable-energy technologies.

Source & more: Fraunhofer Institute