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Wurtzburg, 1300 years of history


Marienberg Fort, Wurzburg's symbol - © Wikipedia
Marienberg Fort, Wurzburg's symbol - Picture © Wikipedia

Wurtzburg (written "Würzburg" in German), Lower Franconia’s capital, is one of Germany’s oldest cities: in 2004, it celebrated its 1300th anniversary. The Fortress Marienberg is the city’s most famous landmark and its oldest parts date back to the year 704. Würzburg is also the main producer of Franconian wine; Franconia’s most famous winery, the Würzburger Stein, is actually located within the city’s municipal area.

Founded in 1582, the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg is Bavaria’s oldest university. It was at the university’s Institute of Physics that Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) discovered the existence of X-rays on November 8, 1895. This discovery made him the first recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.

The Würzburger Residenz is a world-famous Baroque building at the outskirts of the inner city which served as a residency for Würzburg’s bishops from the 13th to th 18th century. In 1981, the Residenz, its Court Gardens and the Residenzplatz were declared UNESCO World Heritage Site, being "the most coherent and exceptional of Baroque palaces of all time". In 2010, the Würzburger Residenz, the Fortress Marienberg and the Old Main Bridge served as filming locations for the Hollywood movie “The Three Musketiers”.

On October 13th, 1945 the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU), which has played a major role in Bavarian politics ever since, was founded in Würzburg.

More: wuerzburg.de/en