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The imperial castle overlooking the old city: Nuremberg's symbol. Picture Bayern Tourismus Marketing GmbH

First mentioned by documents in 1050, Nuremberg was one of the most important imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages. The Romanesque imperial castle, which today is Nuremberg’s landmark, was built in the 12th century and belongs to the most impressive fortifications in Europe. During  the 15th and 16th centuries, Nuremberg was an important cultural centre of the Renaissance – the famous painter Albrecht Dürer was born and buried in Nuremberg. In the 19th century, the city became one of Germany's industrial cores: in 1835, the first German railway for passengers led from Nuremberg to Fürth. With the rise of the National Socialism in the 20th century, Nuremberg unintentionally gained another reputation - that of the city of the Nazi party's rallies, the Nuremberg Laws, and finally the Nuremberg Trials.

With its 500.000 inhabitants, Nuremberg is today the second largest city in Bavaria and a remarkable economic centre, as bear witness several companies' headquarters: Siemens, Triumph-Adler, AEG and MAN are all located in Nuremberg. In addition to that, the agglomeration of Nuremberg is an important location for the information and communications technology, transport and logistics, energy technology and power electronics. The so-called "Medical Valley European Metropolitan Region Nuremberg" (EMN) is one of the strongest economically and most active scientifically medical technology clusters worldwide.

Nuremberg is famous for many events, among these the annual Nuremberg International Toy Fair and its worldwide known Christmas Market, which attracts about 2 million visitors each December. The city is also known for its culinary specialities: not only the Nuremberg Lebkuchen, which are produced by more than a dozen different companies in Nuremberg, but also the Nuremberg grilled sausages ("Rostbratwürste"). These are served 2-by-2 or 3-by-3 in a bun, either with mustard or Sauerkraut.

More: www.nuernberg.de